The National Decision Model is a model of risk assessment and decision making that has been introduced by the Association of Chief Police Officers in a bid to ensure that officers and forces uphold a high level of professionalism in their decision making. The ACPO, who were looking for a way to replace the Conflict Management Model with an all-encompassing decision making model, first set out the mission statements and core values of the police force before ensuring that the five stages of the NDM upheld these values while providing a simple but effective means of making decisions.
Replacing The Conflict Management Model
The Conflict Management model was a decision making model that was used by the police force prior to the introduction of the NDM. The ACPO believed this to be a highly effective model but recognised that the name may deter many from using the model in a wider variety of situations.
During a review of the force and its decision making processes and risk assessment, ACPO decided that it would be beneficial to update the model and change its name so that it can be applied to many different situations and circumstances.
Risk assessment is considered vital in many stages and aspects of policing. Officers are met with difficult and dangerous situations as well as emotive circumstances. The model was designed so that police officers could assess the risks of a given situation and make the most appropriate decision as a result.
Risk assessment helps ensure that every police officer is able to make the right decision in any given situation. Assessing risks and acting on the results is something that all of us do on a daily basis but having a decision making model in place helps provide clarity in the risk assessment process.
Make Decisions Quickly And Easily
By having a model in place like the National Decision Model it not only enables officers to assess risks and make decisions accordingly but it also ensures that these decisions can be made quickly and easily.
There are many occasions when officers will need to make immediate decisions almost on the fly. Without the guidance provided by the decision model this can require extensive time and may give light to incorrect or less than thorough results. When speed and accuracy are vital, a model like this can prove highly effective.
Judge And Justify Decisions
Every officer is encouraged to consider their actions and to determine whether they made the right decision. There may also be those occasions when they need to justify decisions to others and the National Decision Model has been created to help those officers in this way.
If you want to judge your own decisions, ensure that they are in keeping with the mission statement, and that the best decision has been made then the use of the NDM not only provides this but also enables you to justify your decisions to others.
To Ensure A Level Of Consistency
This process also means that officers are able to ensure a consistent level of decision making. While it is true that different people may interpret decisions and even the model differently, the fact that there are stages that are established, set, and used by people in different circumstances means that there is some consistency to these decisions that would not otherwise be enjoyed.
Ensuring that officers and managers that will use the NDM enjoy sufficient training will also further ensure greater consistency in the decision making process.
To Uphold Mission Statement And Values
At the core of the NDM are the mission statements and values that the ACPO wish to uphold. By basing the model around these values, the ACPO has been able to ensure that everybody using the new model adheres to the values and requirements of the mission statement.
Police forces and officers are constantly in the public eye and it is essential that they find a way not only to service the communities around them but to do so in a beneficial way.
The Introduction Of The National Decision Model
The National Decision Model, or NDM, was introduced by the Association of Chief Police Officers, as a replacement for the Conflict Management Tool. It brings uniformity and a means for all officers and their managers to be able to make informed and coherent decisions while providing a way to judge, assess, and justify the decisions that are made, whether these are spontaneous decisions or planned arrangements.