The National Decision Model

The National Decision Model is a risk assessment framework, or decision making process, that is used by police forces across the country. It provides five different stages that officers can follow when making any type of decision and it was meant as a replacement for the Conflict Management Model. The Association of Chief Police Officers, ACPO, decided that the Conflict Management Model, though effective, needed updating and renaming so that it would be used for making a wider variety of decisions.


What Is The National Decision Model For?

The National Decision Model is a police framework that is meant to make the decision making process easier and more uniform. It is to be used by all officers, decision makers, and assessors that are involved in the whole decision process. It is not only used for making the decisions but for assessing and judging them. It can also be used to improve future decisions and to help create techniques and methods for many situations.

A Replacement For The Conflict Management Model

The Conflict Management model was used before the NDM and it proved highly effective but the Association of Chief Police Officers, or ACPO has replaced it with the more modern and updated National Decision Model. All officers and those that will implement and benefit from the model will receive the full training required to operate and use the model efficiently.

Why Was The NMD Introduced?

The ACPO felt that, while the Conflict Management Model was largely effective, it was only used in times of conflict. Even though the framework was considered effective, the ACPO decided it would be more beneficial to develop a framework that could be used for all purposes. The National Decision Model was therefore developed as a means to enjoy these benefits.

Mission Statement And Core Values

The NDM is based around the police force mission statement and its core values and not only was the model developed while considering all of these factors but those that use it are reminded that they should consider the core values when completing each of the stages. You should ask yourself whether the action you are considering is consistent with the mission statement, what the police service would expect, and what the community and the public, as a whole, would expect of you.

The NDM Stages

  • Stage 1 – Gather information about the problem in hand. Not only should you work out what you do know but what you do not know. You will use this information, gathered in stage 1, throughout the rest of the process and once your decisions are being assessed and judged after the event.
  • Stage 2 – Determine the threat, its nature, and its extent so that you can assess the situation and make the right decisions. Do you need to take the necessary action straight away or is this an ongoing problem? What is the most likely outcome and what would be the implications? Are the police the right people to deal with the problem and are you best equipped to help resolve the problem at hand or would somebody else be better?
  • Stage 3 – Knowing what the problem is, you will need to determine what powers you and the police have in order to combat the problem. Which powers will be needed and will the required powers and policies need any additional or specialist manpower to be instigated and introduced? Is there any legislation that covers the process?
  • Stage 4 – Armed with all of the information regarding the problem and any policies and other legislations that may exist, you are in a position to draw up a list of options. You should also use this opportunity to develop a contingency plan or a series of contingencies that can provide you with a backup plan if things don’t get exactly to plan.
  • Stage 5 – Once you have determined the most appropriate action, it is time to put this in place. Perform the most desirable action and, if necessary, begin the process again to get the best results possible. Review the process and determine whether or not you could have done things better and what you would do in the future if you were faced with a similar, or the same problem.

Decision Making And Assessment

The National Decision Model is a nationwide framework that is used by police forces to help them ensure that they make the most appropriate decision. There are various stages to the process, but all should be taken while considering the mission statement and core values.