The National Decision Model is a risk assessment and decision making model developed and introduced by the Association of Chief Police Officers or ACPO. It is meant as a uniform process of making and justifying decisions and all members of the police force will be trained in its implementation and use.
There are five stages to the National Decision Model, or NDM, and these are all based around a central core that includes mission statements and core values pertinent to the police force and its members.
National Decision Model Overview
The National Decision Model was designed as a replacement for the Conflict Management Model. This was widely regarded as an effective and beneficial model itself, but the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) determined that it was seen only as a means of making decisions when conflict was involved.
The National Decision Model is meant as a process framework for use in any situation and it can be implemented and effectively used at any stage of the decision making process. It is also used for reviewing and assessing decisions as well as making them.
Mission Statement And Core Values
All of the stages of the NDM are based around a mission statement and core values. When answering any of the questions or making any decisions it is important that these values are adhered to. They were used when formulating the plan too, highlighting how important they are.
It is the mission of the police to uphold the law fairly and firmly. The police aim to act with integrity, use discretion and professionalism, work with communities and partners, operate free from fear of being criticised, act professionally even in the face of violence, and offer a service that everybody can be proud of.
Stage 1 – Information
During this stage, the decision maker needs to determine what is happening and what may happen. You should gather any information or intelligence that is required which means that you will not only know what has happened and what is happening but also what is not happening.
The information gathering stage is vital and it is imperative that you collect all of the information necessary. Determine what you don’t know and how you can find this out.
Stage 2 – Assessment
Consider the specific threat and what the risks of the threat are. You need to assess the risk as well as the most likely outcome and possible outcomes. By doing this it is possible to determine the level of risk and how best to counteract it.
You will not only determine the level of risk but also whether the risk is acceptable or not. You should also determine who the most suitable person is to deal with the risk and solution.
Stage 3 – Powers And Policy
Ask yourself which powers and police policies might be required to remedy a particular situation. There are many guidelines and other processes which may be relevant so you should check national guidelines in order to be certain that there is no accepted method for dealing with a particular problem.
Which police powers may be required? It is acceptable, under very specific situations, to act outside policy
Stage 4 – Options
During stage 1 you should have determined how immediate the threat was. During stage 4 you will use the information gathered in order to determine exactly what options are open to you. Consider the possible outcomes and how you would arrive at these in order to ascertain which are the most important.
You should also determine what can and may go wrong so that you can create contingency plans that may be implemented in the event that things do go wrong.
Stage 5 – Action And Review
Decision makers not only need to work out the most appropriate action but they also need to implement those actions. Once the incident is over, the decision makers must also assess the actions to determine whether they were the most suitable.
You should determine what actions you took and why you took those actions. You can also review the actions that you took and then determine what you can learn from the outcome. Determine what you could do better if you were faced with the same situation again.
Implementing The National Decision Model
The National Decision Model is a framework for making decisions and for assessing and judging those decisions. It may be used by others to help determine whether a person made the right decision and whether improvements could be made in the process in the future.